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“常用动词短语”考海拾贝

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◇ 江西省峡江中学  肖勇生
    动词短语是高考考查的一个热点,从题设上看,主要有以下几个方式:
    1)同一个动词,后面加上不同的小品词(即介词或副词);
    2)不同的动词,后面加上相同的小品词;
    3)动词不同,小品词也不同。最后一种应该是最难的,因为它考查面广,且灵活多变。动词短语在语言中具有极强的生命力和表现力。纵观近几年高考,集中考查的动词短语主要由make,take,set,give,put,carry,come,get,keep,look,cut等动词构成。
    1. Can you make a sen-tence to         the meaning of the phrase?
    A. show off  B. turn out
    C. bring out D. take in
    本题答案为:〔C〕.句意为“你能造一个句子来阐明这个短语的意思吗”?show off意为“炫耀、卖弄”,turn out意为“结果是(出乎意料)”,take in意为“理解、领悟、受欺骗”,而bring out意为“拿出、解释、说明”,所以选C.
    2. His mother had thought it would be good for his character to      from home and earn some money on his own.
    A. run away
    B. take away
    C. keep away
    D. get away
    本题答案为:〔D〕. run away意为“逃跑”,take away意为“拿走、带走”,keep away意为“使……远离或不靠近”,而get away意为“离开”,所以选D.
    3. He was in hospital for six months. He felt as if he was
      from the outside world.
    A. cut out
    B. cut off
    C. cut up
    D. cut through
    本题答案为:〔B〕. cut out意为“裁剪、删除”,cut up意为“切碎、打伤”,cut through意为“从……中开辟出一条路”,而cut off意为“切断、中断”,所以选B.
    4. It was not a serious illness, and she soon       it.
    A. got over
    B. got on with
    C. got round
    D. got out of
    本题答案为:〔A〕. get on with意为“进展、与……相处”,get round意为“说服、笼络某人”,get out of意为“逃走、从……中摆脱出来”,而get over 意为“康复、复原”,所以选A.
    5. Before the war broke out, many people       in safe places possessions they could not take with them.
    A. threw away
    B. put away
    C. gave away
    D. carried away
    本题答案为:〔B〕. throw away意为“扔掉”,give away意为“泄露、赠送”,carry away意为“带走、带离”,而put away意为“把……放起来/收起来、储存、备用”,所以选B.
   6. It is certain that he will
        his business to his son when he gets old.
    A. take over
    B. think over
    C. hand over
    D. go over
    本题答案为:〔C〕. take over意为“接管、接收”,think over意为“努力思考”,go over意为“复习”,而hand over意为“交接、转移”,所以选C.
    7. It’s ten years since the scientist          on his life’s work of discovering the valuable chemical.
    A. made for
    B. set out
    C. took off
    D. turned up
    本题答案为:〔B〕. make for意为“走向、驶向、有助于、有利于”,take off意为“脱下、起飞、成功、取消”,turn up意为“出现、露面”,而set out意为“开始、着手”,所以选B.
    8. —        for the glass!
    — It’s OK. I’m wearing shoes.
    A. Look out
    B. Walk out
    C. Go out
    D. Set out
    本题答案为:〔A〕. Walk out意为“走出去”,Go out意为“出去”,Set out意为“出发、开始、着手”,而Look out for意为“小心、提防”,所以选A.
    9. He accidently        that he had quarreled with his wife and that he hadn’t been home for a couple of weeks.
    A. let out
    B. took care
    C. made sure
    D. made out
    本题答案为:〔A〕. take care 意为“小心、照顾”,make sure意为“确保、确信”,make out意为“使出来”,而let out意为“透露、泄露”,所以选A.
    10. The final examination is coming up soon. It’s for us to         our studies.
    A. get down to
    B. get out
    C. get back for
    D. get over
    本题答案为:〔A〕. get out意为“使出去/离开、逃脱”,get back for意为“回来、取”,get over意为“爬过、克服、恢复”,而get down to意为“开始、着手”,所以选A.
    11. In some western countries, demand for graduates from MBA courses has         .
    A. turned down
    B. turned over
    C. fallen down
    D. fallen over
    本题答案为:〔C〕. turn down意为“拒绝”,turn over意为“使翻转”,fall over意为“摔倒”,而fall down意为“跌倒、下降、倒塌”,所以选C.
    12. The dictionary is being printed and it will soon       .
    A. turn out
    B. come out

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